At the dawn of the new millennium in 2000, humanity lunched an ambitious development projet called the Millennium Development Project (UN MDG). UN MDG aims to eradicate extreme poverty from planet earth. The UN MDG relied heavily on a team of experts, for strategies to success. [1 ;2]
During that same period, the BUSH administration initiated The Millennium Challenge Account Project (MCA). The US Congress supports the BUSH administration with an Act that elevated the MCA to the Global United States Millennium Challenge Corporation (US MCC). [3 ;4]
At the 10th anniversary summit of the UN MDG, the Obama Administration proposed an unprecedented Global Development Policy (US GDP). US GDP supports and strenghens key aspects of the UN MDG, toward success. [5 ;6]
Since its inception, the Biotech tropicana Systems engage in the war against poverty, by aligning with UN MDG, the US MCC, and the US GDP. The Biotech tropicana systems relied heavily on technology and process innovation, against poverty.
After a decade of implementation of the Global Development projects in the UN MDG, the US MCC, and the US GDP, all parties by now have something in «contribution » to take pride of.
The United Nations never forget to thank those who contribute to their daily work for a better humanity, for now and beyond.
Here, we conduct an analysis of the acknowledgement of merit of the Science, Technology, and Innovation Task Force, under the United Nations Millennium Development Project.
We scan for contribution in the aknowledgment profile of the Book , « Innovation : Applying Knowledge In Development » recognized as the standard in the applications of technology for development.
We mark contributors from
1) english speaking countries as RED
2) French speaking countries as BLUE
3) Spanish speaking countries as GREEN
4) Portugeese speaking countries as BOLD
5) UN Agencies and International organizations are underlined
6) Redundancies are left out
Available in Innovation : Applying Knowledge In Development. Page XV (18) at http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/documents/Science-complete.pdf
The task force worked closely with the UN Information and Communications Technologies task force, which made important contributions to the report. It also worked with international science and technical information organizations, such
as the InterAcademy Council, which recently began conducting major studies on
the importance of building scientiﬁc and technological capabilities worldwide.
In dealing with the operational implications of the report, the task force
worked closely with several international development agencies, particularly the
World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the Canadian Interna-
nal Development Research Centre. The report complements the work carried
out by the InterAcademy Council and several UN agencies, in particular the
UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development (UNCSTD), the
UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the International Tele-
mmunications Union (ITU), the United Nations Development Programme
UNDP), the United Nations Educational, Scientiﬁc and Cultural Organiza-
n (UNESCO), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
AO), the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO),
d intergovernmental bodies dealing with science, technology, and innovation.
An earlier draft of this report was circulated among science, technology,
d innovation ministries, academies of sciences, academies of engineering, and
tional institutions of engineers in the Asia Paciﬁc region, soliciting their sup-
rt for collaboration with developing countries, especially those in Africa. The
pport they provided was critical. The task force also circulated the earlier draft
all heads of state and government around the world. It is grateful to those who
ponded with comments and additional information.
Many people contributed directly or indirectly to the preparation of this
ort. Enormous support was provided by the task force’s host organizations,
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs of Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and the World Federation of Engineering Organizations. Additional support was provided by the Rockefeller Foundation, the Science Advisor’s Ofﬁce of the Prime Minister of Malaysia, the Academy of Sciences Malaysia, the Kenyan Ministry of Planning and National Development, and the Kenya National Academy of Sciences, which hosted several task force
meetings. We would also like to acknowledge with appreciation the ﬁnancial
and other support provided to members of the task force by UNCTAD, UNDP,
UNESCO, UNIDO, the University of Toronto, Department of Communica-
tions, the Marine and Natural Resources of Ireland, and the SageMetrics Cor-
poration. The team preparing the report also gained immensely from continuous
interaction with the leadership and team of the UN Millennium Project, particu-
larly Jeffrey Sachs, Guido Schmidt-Traub, John McArthur, and Alice Wiemers.
The comments and additional information provided by the many reviewers
this report played an important role in the report’s evolution, content, and
ucture. The task force is grateful for the comments and additional information
eceived from heads of state and government from Argentina, Bolivia, Canada,
ile, Guyana, Israel, Kenya, Latvia, Malaysia, Monaco, Portugal, Spain, Trini-
d and Tobago, and Zambia.
We would like to acknowledge with appreciation numerous people wh
de suggestions on how the options for action identiﬁed in this report coul
funded. We are particularly grateful to George Atkinson (Science and Tech
ogy Advisor to the U.S. Secretary of State) for convening over a period of s
nths an informal roundtable on science, technology, and development. Th
her members of the roundtable whose contributions helped to shape our think
regarding ﬁnancial support for technological innovation include Mamphe
mphele, Robert Watson, and Michael Crawford (World Bank, Washington
C.); Bruce Alberts (U.S. National Academies, Washington, D.C.), and Mart
helsky (Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C.).
The task force is particularly grateful to the Department for Internation
velopment (DFID) and the Institute of Development Studies at Sussex Un
sity, which convened a meeting at which an earlier version of the draft wa
cussed. The workshop provided additional information and extremely valuab
gestions for improving the report. The team would like to thank in particula
asood Ahmed, Richard Martini, and Rachel Turner from DFID and Lawrenc
ddad, Raphael Kaplinsky, and Catherine Gee from the Institute of Develop
nt Studies for their invaluable contributions to this effort.
The task force received valuable reviews, comments, and additional informa-
n from Karon Acon (EARTH University, Costa Rica); Ricardo Acosta (State
ouncil for Science and Technology, Mexico); Abdul-Hakeem Ajijola Ofﬁce of
e Presidency, Abuja, Nigeria); Alkhattab AlHinai (King Fahd University of
troleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia); Abdalla Alnajjar (Arab Sci-
ce and Technology Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates); Alice Ams-
n (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mass.); Daniele Archibugi (ItalianNational Research Council, Rome); Rodrigo Arocena (Universidad de la Repub-
lica, Uruguay); Brigitte Baeuerle (University of Denver, Colo.); Audia Barnett (Sci-
entiﬁc Research Council, Kingston, Jamaica); John Barton (Stanford University,
Palo Alto, Ca.); B. Bowonder (Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad,
India); Lewis Branscomb (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University,
Cambridge, Mass.); Christe S. Bruderlin (Los Angeles, Ca.) (freelance writer);
Mark Cantley (European Commission, Brussels); Alfonso Carrasco (Interme-
diate Technology Development Group, Lima, Peru); Rosalba Casas (Univer-
sidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City); Fidel Castro Díaz-Balart
(Ofﬁce of the Scientiﬁc Advisor, State Council, Havana, Cuba); Aurora Cebreros
(National Science and Technology Council, Lima, Peru); Lennox Chandler (Sci-
ence and Technology Division, Government of Barbados, Bridgetown); Pamela
Chasek (Earth Negotiations Bulletin, New York); Shin-Horng Chen (Chung-Hua
Institution for Economic Research, Taipei); Mbita Chitala (Ministry of Finance
and National Planning, Lusaka, Zambia); Clara Cohen (National Academies,
Washington, D.C.); William Clark (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard
University, Cambridge, Mass.); Ismael Clark-Arxer (Cuban Academy of Sciences,
Havana); Peter Collins (Royal Society, London); Gordon Conway (Rockefeller
Foundation, New York); Susan E. Cozzens, Georgia Institute of Technology,
Dana Dalrymple (U.S. Agency for International Development, Washington,
D.C.); Louk de la Rive Box (Institute of Social Studies, The Hague); Tulio Abel
del Bono (Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Buenos Aires); Mateja
Dermastia (Ministry of the Economy, Ljubljana); David Dickson (Science and
Development Network, London); Paul Dufour (Ofﬁce of the Science Advisor to
the Prime Minister of Canada, Ottawa); Dieter Ernst (East-West Center, Hono-
lulu); Henry Etzkowitz (State University of New York, Purchase); Jonathan Fan-
ton (MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, Ill.); Sarah Farley (World Bank, Wash-
ington, D.C.); Eduardo A. Fernandez (Chamber of Commerce of Barranquilla,
Atlantico, Colombia); Kenneth Fernandez (National Aeronautics and Space
Administration, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Ala.); Sergio Ferreira
de Figueiredo (Ministry of Development, Brasilia); Sinesio Pires Ferreira (Insti-
tute for Statistics and Socioeconomic Research, São Paulo, Brazil); Janine Ferretti
(Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C.); Judith Francis (Tech-
nical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, Wageningen, the Neth-
erlands); Dan Glickman (Motion Picture Association of America, Washington,
D.C.); Katherine Gockel (University of Denver, Colo.); Manuel Mira Godinho
(Technical University of Lisbon); Langston “Kimo” Goree (Earth Negotiations
Bulletin, New York); Xu Guanhua (Minister of Science and Technology, People’s
Republic of China); R.K. Gupta (Planning Commission, Government of India,
New Delhi); Mongi Hamdi (UNCTAD, Geneva); Stephanie Hanford (Brazil-
ian Business Council for Sustainable Development, Rio de Janeiro); Mohamed
Hassan (Third World Academy of Sciences, Trieste, Italy);
John Holdren (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.);
Hsu (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taipei); Barry Hughes (Univer-
sity of Denver, Colo.); Jack Huttner (Genencor International, Palo Alto, Califor-
nia, U.S.A.); Jung-Chiou Hwang (Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taipei); Pata-
rapong Intarakumnerd (National Science and Technology Development Agency,
Bangkok); Akira Iriyama (Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Tokyo); Travis Kalanick
(Redswoosh Inc., Los Angeles, Calif.); Sergei Kambalov (United Nations Secre-
tariat, New York); Sarbuland Khan (United Nations Secretariat, New York); Vic-
tor Konde (UNCTAD, Geneva); Regina Lacayo Oyanguren (Project for Inno-
vation Technology Support, Managua); Helena Lastres (Economics Institute,
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro); Doris Estelle Long (John Marshall Law
School, Chicago, Ill.); Juan López Villar (Friends of the Earth International, Flor-
ence, Italy); Eugene A. Lottering (National Research Foundation, Pretoria, South
Africa); Bengt-Åke Lundvall (Aalborg University, Denmark); Silas Lwakabamba
(Kigali Institute of Science, Technology and Management).
Samuel Makinda (Murdoch University, Murdoch, Australia); Peter Matlon
ockefeller Foundation, Nairobi); Lucky Maohi (Ministry of Communications,
ence and Technology, Gaberone); Julia Marton-Lefèvre (LEAD-Interna-
nal, London); R.A. Mashelkar (Council of Scientiﬁc and Industrial Research,
w Delhi); John A. Mathews (Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia); Janet
ughan (Rockefeller Foundation, New York); Akashambatwa Mbikusita-
wanika (National Economic Advisory Council, Lusaka, Zambia); Patrick
sserlin (Institut d’Etudes Politiques, Paris); John Mugabe (New Partnership
Africa’s Development, Pretoria, South Africa); Masafumi Nagao (Hiroshima
iversity, Hiroshima, Japan); Thien Nhan Nguyen (People’s Committee of Ho
i Minh City); Julia Novy-Hildesley (Lemelson Foundation, Portland, Oregon,
S.A.); Peter Anyang’ Nyong’o (Minister of Planning and National Develop-
nt, Nairobi); Osita Ogbu (Science and Technology Policy Studies Network,
robi); Gabriel Ogunmola (Nigerian Academy of Science, Ibadan); Geoffrey
dham (University of Sussex); William Otim-Nape (National Agricultural
earch Organization, Kampala, Uganda); Flora Painter (Inter-American Devel-
ment Bank, Washington, D.C.); Phillip Feanny Paulwell (Minister of Ministry
Commerce, Science and Technology, Kingston); Carlo Pietrobelli (University
Rome III, Rome); Auliana Poon (Tourism Intelligence International, Biele-
, Germany); Norris Prevost (Parliament of the Commonwealth of Dominica,
seau); Esad Prohic (Ofﬁce of the President, Zagreb); Igbal Quadir (Kennedy
ool of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.); Peter Raven
issouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Mo.); Harold Ramkisson (University of
West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago); Andrew Reynolds (Ofﬁce
he Science and Technology Advisor to the U.S. Secretary of State, Washington, D.C.); William J. Rourke (Canberra); Vincent Rugwizangoga Rubarema
(Ofﬁce of the President, Kampala).
Francisco Sagasti (Agenda: PERÚ, Lima, Peru); Zafar Saied Saify (Univer-
sity of Karachi, Pakistan); George Saitoti (Minister of Science, Technology and
Education, Nairobi); Karl Sauvant (UNCTAD, Geneva); Susan Sechler (Ger-
man Marshall Fund of the United States, Washington, D.C.); Ismail Serageldin
(Library of Alexandria, Egypt); Tengku Mohd Azzman Shariffadeen (Malaysia
Institute of Microelectronic Systems, Kuala Lumpur); Luc Soete (Maastricht
University, The Netherlands); Paz Soriano (Secretariat of the Presidency in Chile,
Santiago); Charlie Spillane (University College Cork, Cork, Ireland), Apiwat Sre-
tarugsa (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Bangkok); Robert
Stowe (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.);
M.S. Swaminathan (M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India);
Chikako Takase (United Nations Secretariat, New York); Don Thornhill (Com-
mission for Higher Education, Dublin); Monica Trejo de Salazar (Corte de Cuen-
tas de La Republica, San Salvador); Alvaro Umaña (United Nations Develop-
ment Programme, New York); Arnoldo Ventura (Ofﬁce of the Prime Minister of
Jamaica, Kingston); Eduardo Viotti (Institute for Applied Economics Research,
University of Brasilia); Judi Wakhungu (African Centre for Technology Studies,
Nairobi); Shem Wandiga (Kenya National Academy of Sciences, Nairobi); Philip
Weech (Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Bonn,
Germany); Kenneth E. Weg (Clearview Projects, Princeton, N.J.); Roy Widdus
(World Health Organization, Geneva); Abiodun Williams (United Nations
Secretariat, New York); Wei Xie (Tsinghua University, Beijing); Lu Yongxiang
(Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing); Abdulqawi Yusuf (UNESCO, Paris);
Zane Zeibote (Advisor on Economic Affairs, Presidency of Latvia); and Jacob Ziv
(Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem).
We commend the outstanding editorial and production work undertaken by
Meta de Coquereaumont, Barbara Karni, Bruce Ross-Larson, Christopher Trott,
and Elaine Wilson of Communications Development Incorporated.
Wider distribution of this report in developing countries was made possible
through the generous support of a number of institutions that strongly believe
that innovation can be an engine of development. These include: Genencor Inter-
national, USA; International Development Research Centre, Canada; Secretariat
of the African Forum on Science and Technology for Development of the New
Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD); and the Joint Centre for Bioeth-
ics, University of Toronto. We also want to single out the Government of Canada
for providing leadership in promoting the application of emerging technologies
Preparation of this report would not have been possible without the outstand-
ing contributions of the task force research team and the continuous and generous
support of the staff of the UN Millennium Project. Behind the whole enterprise
was Brian Torpy, at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, whose
logistical support, organizational capabilities, and dedication to duty made it pos-
sible for the task force to operate smoothly and effectively.
An analysis of the acknowledgement text above, using our color coding system, clearly demonstrated a high contribution of english speaking countries both the developed and developing world, followed by spanish and portugeese speaking countries in the developed and developing world. The french speaking countries lag far behind in the developed world, and almost zero from the developing world .
We left out international organization from our analysis, which mostly operate in english, even where the workers may come from a varierty of language background, such as chineese, koreans, Arabs, swedish, russian,and more…..
The Lower performance of french speaking countries, in global sciences and technologies activities, compared to english, spanish, and portugeese speaking countries , MUST change.
The New Millennium Global Development Agenda, in the United Nations Millenium Development Goals (UN MDG), and the United States Millennium Corporation (US MCC) create opportunities for improvement, for ALL, without discrimination.
The Biotech tropicana Systems are transforming these opportunities, into reality on the ground, for ALL, without discrimination.
We urge the french speaking countries, to make the necessary efforts to keep pace with evolution. Otherwise, they must meet their fate, counterseletion and elimination, purely and simply. This would be unfortunate. However, since the turning to the new millennium in 2000, it is now well established and accepted by all parties that, to alleviate poverty, and improve the lives of the poor people of the developing world, we have no choice than to embrace the might of sciences and technology. Our choice is clear, unnegotiable and irreversible. We urge our french friends to make the necessary efforts to improve their perfomance, for a better french speaking community. The Biotech tropicana Systems will continue its pioneering work, in the application of sciences and technology agaisnt poverty in the developing world, giving no ground for poverty to sit, irrespective of the language backgound of the resource-poor settings. We hope the french will join us, in the new world.
Our explorations in the developing world, indicate a zero to low contribution of the french speaking communities to global sciences and technology for development efforts. The knowledgement text above tells the story, in « innovation ». Our explorations confirmed the « innovation » story to be true for all aspects of development, in french speaking countries. This situation of zero to low performance MUST change. The Biotech tropicana systems WILL change that. To defat poverty, we have no choice than to CHANGE.
We acknowledge the story from acknowledgements in, « Innovation : applying Knowledge in Development ».
A carefull examination of the acknowledgment section clearly establish the merit of the french community, a zero to low merit of acknowledgement. We challenge any party, on that planet to prove us wrong.The french have two choices, improve their performance, or face elimination, because no one has the power to undo evolution, imposed on all of us, by the supreme powerful nature. We set our EXPLORATION unit, Bioteh tropicana,IncEXPLORER, in Benin Republic, a french speaking country. Merit, protects Biotech tropicana Systems from failure. Then, the choice is on the french. If the french cannot adapt, then they will have to go. In the 21st century, this principle is NOT negotiable. The Biotech tropicana Systems lunched a global war on poverty, a total war that knows no exeception. We urge all parties, to harness all their potentials, to keep pace with evolution, and avoid otherwise, inevitable elimination. As would say old Darwin, « you adapt, or you go extinct ».
Biotech tropicana Systems